Fiery solar winds heading for Earth! Dangerous solar storm to hit tomorrow; this tech tracks the terror

    According to NOAA, a powerful solar storm can strike the Earth tomorrow, September 17, as fast moving solar winds are creating a CIR (Co-rotating interaction zone) on our planet’s magnetosphere.
    By: HT TECH
    | Updated on: Sep 16 2022, 15:57 IST
    WARNING! Solar Storm to hit Earth soon
    According to Spaceweather.com’s report, the new sunspot is so huge that it is even changing the way the sun vibrates. The Space Weather Prediction Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicted that the geomagnetic field around Earth would be unsettled over the weekend which could disrupt the radio-magnetic sphere.
    1/5 According to Spaceweather.com’s report, the new sunspot is so huge that it is even changing the way the sun vibrates. The Space Weather Prediction Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicted that the geomagnetic field around Earth would be unsettled over the weekend which could disrupt the radio-magnetic sphere. (nasa.gov)
    Solar flare
    2/5 Spaceweather.com said, “A high speed stream of solar wind is approaching Earth. Estimated time of arrival: Aug. 9th. The gaseous material is flowing from an equatorial hole in the sun's atmosphere. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras.” (SDO/NASA)
    Coronal Mass Ejection or CME
    3/5 Solar storms occur due to a coronal mass ejection (CME) that is set off on the surface of the Sun. As per the K-index, which measures the magnetic field around the Earth, solar storms are divided into 5 classes from G-1 to G-5. The G-1 is the lowest impact solar G5 is given to the most severe solar storms. (Pixabay)
    Solar flare
    4/5 According to NASA, Sunspots are dark areas on the solar surface which contain strong magnetic fields that are constantly shifting and can form and dissipate over periods of days or weeks. They occur when strong magnetic fields emerge through the solar surface and allow the area to cool slightly. (Pixabay)
    Aurora or Northern lights
    5/5 When solar flares hit Earth, they interact with the Earth’s electromagnetic field to cause a Geomagnetic storm. It may cause blackouts, GPS problems. However, if the solar storm is big enough, it can wreak havoc on all the earth's technological infrastructure. It is also the reason behind the stunning night-sky phenomenon that we know as Auroras or Northern Lights. (Pixabay)
    Solar Storm
    View all Images
    A big solar storm is heading for the Earth tomorrow, September 17. It is caused by fast-moving solar winds. (nasa.gov)

    The Earth has been suffering multiple solar storms as a result of coronal mass ejection (CME) bursts on the Sun. Luckily, these solar storms so far have been minor to moderate and we have escaped any major catastrophe. However, the solar storm 2022 story is not over by any stretch of the imagination. A very unique type of solar storm is likely to hit the Earth tomorrow, September 17, which can prove to be dangerous. Unlike the solar storms which are caused by solar flare eruptions and CME bursts, this one is being caused due to creation of co-rotating interaction regions (CIR) on the planet's magnetosphere. What is this CIR and how can these solar storms affect us? Read on to find out.

    This development was reported by SpaceWeather.com which noted on its website “NOAA forecasters say that a CIR (co-rotating interaction region) could hit Earth's magnetic field on Sept. 17th”.

    Explaining what CIR exactly are, it added, “CIRs are transition zones between slow- and fast-moving solar wind streams. Solar wind plasma piles up in these regions, producing shock-like structures that can mimic CMEs”.

    The tech that tracks the terror

    All of this information is being collected in real time through some amazing tech. NOAA monitors the solar storms and Sun's behavior using its DSCOVR satellite which became operational in 2016. The recovered data is then run through the computers at the Space Weather Prediction Center and the final analysis is prepared. The different measurements are done on temperature, speed, density, degree of orientation and frequency of the solar particles.

    Dangerous solar storm can strike the Earth tomorrow

    While it is impossible to calculate the intensity of this incoming solar storm, it can be expected that the overall impact would be higher than the usual solar storms. This happens because the CIR rips open the magnetosphere and allows easier passage of the solar particles. A solar storm between G2-class and G3-class can be expected, although the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has not released any advisory regarding this. We should be aware that a strong solar storm can disrupt GPS and cause shortwave radio frequency blackouts. A severe solar storm can even interrupt mobile data, internet reception and cause power grid failure. However, such a strong solar storm has not been seen since the Carrington event in 1859.

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    First Published Date: 16 Sep, 15:55 IST
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