Large Hole on the Sun EXPLODES! Powerful solar storms on Earth coming tomorrow

A large hole on the Sun, also known as a coronal hole, has exploded resulting in throwing coronal mass ejections towards the Earth. A powerful solar storm can take place tomorrow, September 4.

By: HT TECH
| Updated on: Sep 03 2022, 13:32 IST
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WARNING! Solar Storm to hit Earth soon
Solar storm
1/5 According to Spaceweather.com’s report, the new sunspot is so huge that it is even changing the way the sun vibrates. The Space Weather Prediction Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicted that the geomagnetic field around Earth would be unsettled over the weekend which could disrupt the radio-magnetic sphere. (nasa.gov)
Solar storm
2/5 Spaceweather.com said, “A high speed stream of solar wind is approaching Earth. Estimated time of arrival: Aug. 9th. The gaseous material is flowing from an equatorial hole in the sun's atmosphere. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras.” (SDO/NASA)
Solar storm
3/5 Solar storms occur due to a coronal mass ejection (CME) that is set off on the surface of the Sun. As per the K-index, which measures the magnetic field around the Earth, solar storms are divided into 5 classes from G-1 to G-5. The G-1 is the lowest impact solar G5 is given to the most severe solar storms. (Pixabay)
Solar storm
4/5 According to NASA, Sunspots are dark areas on the solar surface which contain strong magnetic fields that are constantly shifting and can form and dissipate over periods of days or weeks. They occur when strong magnetic fields emerge through the solar surface and allow the area to cool slightly. (Pixabay)
Solar storm
5/5 When solar flares hit Earth, they interact with the Earth’s electromagnetic field to cause a Geomagnetic storm. It may cause blackouts, GPS problems. However, if the solar storm is big enough, it can wreak havoc on all the earth's technological infrastructure. It is also the reason behind the stunning night-sky phenomenon that we know as Auroras or Northern Lights. (Pixabay)
Solar storm
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Solar storm to hit the Earth tomorrow after a large hole on the Sun explodes. (Pixabay)

Scientists have warned that a powerful solar storm will be striking the Earth on September 4. In the last few days, the geomagnetic disturbances were on the lower end with only a couple of minor solar storms hitting the planet. But that is about to change as a large, dark hole on the surface of the Sun has exploded. This structure is known as a coronal hole and has a distinct dark color to it, indicating a very strong magnetic field. This unstable hole has erupted and thrown coronal mass ejections (CME) towards the Earth. With these solar particles set to arrive tomorrow, a G2 level solar storm is being expected that can cause radio blackouts in some regions.

The event was reported by SpaceWeather.com which noted in its website, “NOAA forecasters say that G1 to G2-class geomagnetic storms are possible on Sept. 4th when a stream of solar wind is expected to hit Earth's magnetic field”. Explaining the source of this cataclysm, it added, “The gaseous material is flowing from a large hole in the sun's atmosphere. This is a "coronal hole," a place where the sun's magnetic field opens up and allows solar wind to escape from the sun's corona. It looks dark because the glowing-hot plasma that should be there is gone. It's on its way to Earth”.

Solar storm to hit the Earth tomorrow

A G2 class solar storm is a moderate geomagnetic disturbance, so the storm is not likely to cause much trouble for us. However, it will cause aurora display in the higher latitudes. Auroras are the beautiful curtain-like light patterns in the sky that happen as a result of refraction of light through the air molecules as the solar radiation hits the atmosphere at odd angles. But not all is going to be fun as there is a minor probability of shortwave radio blackouts, which can affect ham radio operators and some navigation systems on the dayside of the Earth.

The increasing solar activities are associated with the solar cycle of the Sun. The Sun is headed towards its solar maximum phase when its solar activity will be at its highest. The peak should be reached by 2023 and we should expect an even more intense solar storms striking the Earth.

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First Published Date: 03 Sep, 13:32 IST
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