NASA James Webb Space Telescope to unlock secrets of Big Bang, even the mysterious Red Shift | Tech News

NASA James Webb Space Telescope to unlock secrets of Big Bang, even the mysterious Red Shift

NASA James Webb Space Telescope can finally prove generations worth of physics theories like Big Bang and Red shift. Will we finally know the origin of the universe and perhaps, life itself? Find out.

By: HT TECH
| Updated on: Jul 20 2022, 16:48 IST
James Webb Space Telescope
Classic physics theories such as Big Bang and Red shift can be proven by the NASA James Webb Space Telescope. (NASA)
James Webb Space Telescope
Classic physics theories such as Big Bang and Red shift can be proven by the NASA James Webb Space Telescope. (NASA)

In many ways, the NASA James Webb Space Telescope is being looked at as the next big step in space exploration. Perhaps, the biggest step of them all. After taking the torch from the old reliable Hubble Space Telescope, JWST promises observation into deep space that wasn't even imaginable before. And it does that using two critical instruments called NIRcam and MIRI. NIRcam stands for Near Infrared Camera and it takes images in a spectrum that escapes the visual range of a human. MIRI stands for Mid-Infrared Instrument and it takes images in a spectrum that is deeper into infrared light to view objects like black holes that are not even physically possible to be viewed using any of the Earth-based instruments. And scientists believe that using these instruments, Webb Telescope will not only reveal unseen footage from far away galaxies but also prove classical quantum physics theories like the Big Bang and Red shift.

NASA James Webb Space Telescope to unlock the origin of the Universe

There are two popular theories when it comes to the origin of the universe. First is the Big Bang theory, which states that around 13.8 billion years ago, a humongous explosion took place in the dense structure of gasses and dust and that's how the first star formed and it started a chain reaction through which all the present stars, planets and galaxies were formed and that in itself created life somehow. The second theory suggests that ever since the Big Bang, the universe is expanding, or in simpler terms, it is moving away from each other. All the planets and stars and galaxies are moving away from each other in what has been dubbed as the Red Shift. And yes, there is a theory about the Blue Shift too in the scientific community.

According to scientists, the further a galaxy is, the more red-shifted its light is. This general observation highlights that the further a galaxy is, the faster it is moving (hence the color in light with longer wavelengths such as blue and violet get scattered). This situation describes an explosion where the fastest traveling particles move farthest from the point of explosion. This is how Red Shift and Big Bang are interconnected.

Now, scientists believe due to the NIRcam and MIRI present on JWST, NASA will be able to explore these red-shifted galaxies and find out whether the farthest galaxies contain any evidence of the big bang explosion. Provided the James Webb Space Telescope can find it, it will reveal some big secrets about the origin of the universe and prove these theories.

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First Published Date: 20 Jul, 16:48 IST
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