NASA's Hubble Space Telescope just captured a glittering space neighbour | Tech News

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope just captured a glittering space neighbour

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is famous for capturing some of the most mysterious space images ever.

| Updated on: Dec 12 2022, 12:17 IST
Top NASA tech that solved Mars myths and mysteries like never before
1/10 Humans have been studying Mars for hundred of years. In 1609, Galileo was the first person to peer through a telescope and get a more intimate image of what many could only have dreamed of. (Pixabay)
2/10 An up close and personal view of the red planet emerged as time progressed and so did the capabilities of telescopes. In fact, from the late 1800s to the mid 1900s, many astronomers believed that Mars was home to majestic seas and lush areas of vegetation. The Dark markings on Mars surface were once believed to be caused by vegetation growing and dying. (Pixabay)
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3/10 Some even believed that intelligent life existed on Mars just because of what they saw through their simple telescopes. But that is exactly was science is about-you make educated guesses based on what you know, then change your ideas based on what you learn. (NASA)
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4/10 Now, thanks to new sophisticated equipment and robotic visits to Mars, it turns out they were caused by Martian wind. It was not until the 1960s, when NASA's Mariner missions flew by and snapped pictures of Mars that many of the myths about the red planet were dispelled. (NASA)
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5/10 That does not make Mars any less interesting. The possibility that life actually existed once on Mars is still a distinct possibility. Or it may even be existing on Mars today! No, not in the form of little green men, but on a microbial level. (NASA)
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6/10 Now, taking pictures is great and all. But nothing is better than getting to know the real thing. So, to get a better feel of Mars, Scientists and engineers built some nifty technologies, from spacecrafts to reach Mars and rovers (vehicles) to actually trundle and explore the planet. (NASA/JPL)
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7/10 Among the earliest tech deployed for Mars was Phoenix. It was launched on August 4, 2007 and so began its 9-month long, 681 Million km journey to the legendary red planet. Now, landing on a planet is not as easy as simply dropping a spacecraft onto it. There is actually a lot of steps to the process. (NASA)
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8/10 On May 25, 2008, Phoenix entered Mars atmosphere. It used its heat shield to slow down the high speed entry of 5600 meters per second or around 12500 miles per hour. It released a supersonic PARACHUTE, then detached from its parachute and used its rocket engines to land safely on the planet's surface. Phoenix' landing spot was further north and closer to the ice covered poles than any spacecraft has ever been before. (NASA)
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9/10 Phoenix had two primary goals: One was to study the history of water in the Martian arctic and the other was to search for evidence of a habitual zone and assess the biological potential of the ice soil boundary. And to do that the spacecraft was packed full of gizmos and gadgets to perform all sets of experiments and tests. One of these gizmos was a robotic arm with a shovel attached. It was used to dig up samples of the martian soil for experiments! (NASA)
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10/10 Another top tech on the Mars surface was the Surface Stereo Imager, which is really just a fancy name for the camera. Three surface stereo imagers were Phoenix' eye. Engineers built the device with two optical lenses that would allow for a three dimensional view, just like our eyes. And the SSI sent back some amazing images of the martian landscape. (Source: NASA/Justin Tully) (NASA)
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Hubble Telescope keeps making new space discoveries and that makes it an extremely valuable asset. (NASA)

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is famous for capturing some of the most mysterious space images ever. These images are informative and help scientists in making new discoveries. Hubble Telescope is working even after the deployment of the new James Webb Space Telescope. It should have been retired by now, but Hubble Telescope keeps making new space discoveries and that makes it an extremely valuable asset.

NASA's old Hubble telescope recently captured a glittering neighbour; the image looks beautiful but the main attraction is about the information and mystery it has provided to scientists to solve. Hubble captured a glittering neighbour, which is a small part of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC).

The Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) is a dwarf galaxy and one of the Milky Way's nearest neighbours, lying only about 200,000 light-years from Earth. SMC makes a pair with the Large Magellanic Cloud, and both objects are best seen from the Southern Hemisphere, while some parts of it are also visible from northern latitudes as.

The Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) contains hundreds of millions of stars but the focus of the Hubble image is only on a small fraction of them. These stars comprise the open cluster NGC 376, which has a total mass of only about 3,400 times that of the Sun.

The Open Cluster is loosely bound and sparsely populated just the same as its name suggests. This distinguishes open clusters from globular clusters, which generally appear as a continuous blur of starlight at their centers because they are so crammed with stars.

In NGC 376, the individual stars are clearly discernible despite being in the most densely populated parts of this image.

The interpretation of the image of SMC captured by Hubble comes from two different astronomical investigations, which relied on two of Hubble's instruments: the Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) and the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS).

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First Published Date: 12 Dec, 12:02 IST