“Super Earth” discovered by NASA’s TESS nearly 100 light years away from Earth | Tech News

“Super Earth” discovered by NASA’s TESS nearly 100 light years away from Earth

An Earth-like exoplanet has been discovered by NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite millions of light years away from Earth.

| Updated on: Sep 05 2022, 19:01 IST
NASA reveals stunning Jupiter images captured by James Webb Space Telescope
NASA James Webb Telescope
1/6 Amazingly, currently, on Jupiter, there are auroras, storms, extreme temperatures and powerful winds stirring things up, according to NASA. The images captured by the James Webb Space Telescope could give scientists a look at the conditions of the gas giant. (NASA)
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2/6 Planetary astronomer Imke de Pater, professor emerita of the University of California, Berkeley said, “We hadn’t really expected it to be this good, to be honest. It’s really remarkable that we can see details on Jupiter together with its rings, tiny satellites, and even galaxies in one image.” (NASA)
NASA James Webb Telescope
3/6 The images were captured by the telescope's Near Infrared Camera (NIRCam) instrument on July 27, which highlighted the planet's unique features. According to NASA, the NIRCam has three specialized infrared filters that showcase details of the planet. (AFP)
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4/6 The image was created by compositing several images. Auroras are visible near the Northern and Southern poles of the planet. According to NASA, the auroras shine in a filter that is mapped to redder colors, which also highlights light reflected from lower clouds and upper hazes. (NASA)
NASA James Webb Telescope
5/6 The Great Red Spot as well as other clouds can be visible in the images as white since it is reflecting the sunlight. The Great Red Spot is a giant vortex which has been swirling around on Jupiter’s surface for a long time. Jupiter’s 2 moons, Amalthea and Adrastea can also be seen “photo-bombing” the planet. (REUTERS)
NASA James Webb Telescope
6/6 Thierry Fouchet, a professor at the Paris Observatory, as part of an international collaboration for Webb’s Early Release Science program said, “This one image sums up the science of our Jupiter system program, which studies the dynamics and chemistry of Jupiter itself, its rings, and its satellite system.” (NASA/AFP)
NASA James Webb Telescope
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NASA’s satellite makes astonishing discovery as it discovers a watery planet like Earth millions of light years away. (JPL / NASA)

Humans have been on the hunt for an Earth-like planet for decades. Space agencies like NASA, ISRO, CNSA and ESA use their extensive resources to search for potential planets which could support life one day should the need to ever leave Earth arise. Although there are more planets in the Universe than you could ever imagine, they all have one substance missing which makes our Blue Planet so unique – Water, which is the elixir of life behind every living being on planet Earth.

To search for habitable planets which could potentially support life, NASA launched its Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) on April 18, 2018. According to NASA, TESS is an all-sky survey mission that will discover thousands of exoplanets around nearby bright stars. Although TESS had already found numerous exoplanets since its launch, it had not been able to find one similar to Earth, that is until last month.

NASA's TESS find “Super Earth” with water presence

Scientists made an astonishing announcement on August 24 that NASA's TESS had found a “Super Earth” exoplanet which was blanketed by water on its surface. According to a study published in the Astronomical Journal, this exoplanet, named TOI-1452 b, is located nearly 100 million light years away from Earth. The discovery was made by a team of astronomers at the Université de Montréal in Canada. According to the team the exoplanet TOI-1452 b is far enough from its star to potentially support life. The exoplanet's adequate distance from its star could mean the planet has a mild climate, making it the perfect conditions for life to originate and thrive.

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Charles Cadieux, lead author of the study said in a press release on August 24,” TOI-1452 b is one of the best candidates for an ocean planet that we have found to date. Its radius and mass suggest a much lower density than what one would expect for a planet that is basically made up of metal and rock, like Earth.”

This discovery comes at a perfect time for scientists as the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) can help them study this rare exoplanet. René Doyon, director of the University of Montréal's iREx and a member of the team responsible for management of one of the equipment on the JWST said, “Our observations with the Webb Telescope will be essential to better understanding TOI-1452 b. As soon as we can, we will book time on Webb to observe this strange and wonderful world.”

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First Published Date: 05 Sep, 19:01 IST