NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day 23 January 2023: Hubble snaps collision of galaxies | Tech News

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day 23 January 2023: Hubble snaps collision of galaxies

NASA’s Astronomy Picture of the Day is a stunning snapshot of two galaxies colliding almost 400 million light-years away from Earth.

| Updated on: Jan 23 2023, 13:20 IST
Top astronomy photos of the week by NASA: Galaxy wars, Nebula, Moon to Sun, check them out
1/7 On January 14, NASA released an image of Perihelion Sun 2023, the image was taken after January 4, at the Earth's closest approach to the Sun. It was taken less than 24 hours after the earth's close approach. (Peter Ward (Barden Ridge Observatory))
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2/7 On January 15, another photograph was released of The Crab Nebula snapped by the Hubble Space Telescope. The Crab Nebula, the result of a supernova seen in 1054 AD, is filled with mysterious filaments. ( NASA, ESA, Hubble, J. Hester, A. Loll (ASU))
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3/7 On January 16, NASA released an image of Moon Enhanced. The featured image is a composite of multiple images enhanced to bring up real surface features. The dark areas in the image, called maria, have fewer craters and were once seas of molten lava. Additionally, the image colours, although based on the moon's real composition, are changed, and exaggerated. (Darya Kawa Mirza)
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4/7 On January 17, the image of unexpected clouds toward the Andromeda Galaxy was released. (Yann Sainty & Marcel Drechsler)
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5/7 Image of MACS0647: Gravitational Lensing of the Early Universe Captured by James Webb Space Telescope was released by NASA on January 18. ( NASA, ESA, CSA, Dan Coe (STScI), Rebecca Larson (UT), Yu-Yang Hsiao (JHU); Processing: Alyssa Pagan (STScI); Text: Michael Rutkowski (Minn. St. U. Mankato))
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6/7 On January 19, the image of The Seagull Nebula was released. The complex of gas and dust clouds with other stars of the Canis Majoris OB1 association spans over 200 light-years. (Carlos Taylor)
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7/7 Galaxy Wars: M81 and M82, this image was released on January 20. On the right, with grand spiral arms and bright yellow core is spiral galaxy M81.  (Andreas Aufschnaiter)
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Captured by the Hubble Telescope, Arp 274 is located in the constellation of Virgo. (NASA/ESA/Hubble Telescope)

NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day 23 January 2023: Galaxies are large collections of stars, gas, dust, and dark matter held together by gravity. They come in a variety of sizes, from small dwarf galaxies with only a few billion stars to giant elliptical galaxies with trillions of stars. Although most galaxies have elliptical shapes, a few have unusual shapes like toothpicks or rings. Most galaxies exist in groups or clusters with dozens or hundreds of members, and these cluster galaxies are all in constant motion, pulled and twisted by their neighbour's gravity, according to NASA.

NASA's Astronomy Picture of the Day is a snapshot of a stunning pair of colliding spiral galaxies located in the constellation of Virgo, known as Arp 274. Arp 274 is located nearly 400 million light-years away and spans almost 200,000 light-years. The galaxies have been slowly gravitationally pulling towards each other for millions of years. The collision has caused the galaxies to warp and distort, forming stunning tidal tails of gas, dust, and stars. The image was captured using the Hubble Space Telescope by the collaboration of NASA and ESA. The image was processed by Mehmet Hakan Ozsaraç.

NASA's explanation

Two galaxies are squaring off in Virgo and here are the latest pictures. When two galaxies collide, the stars that compose them usually do not. This is because galaxies are mostly empty space and, however bright, stars only take up only a small fraction of that space. But during the collision, one galaxy can rip the other apart gravitationally, and dust and gas common to both galaxies does collide. If the two galaxies merge, black holes that likely resided in each galaxy center may eventually merge.

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Because the distances are so large, the whole thing takes place in slow motion -- over hundreds of millions of years. Besides the two large spiral galaxies, a smaller third galaxy is visible on the far left of the featured image of Arp 274, also known as NGC 5679. Arp 274 spans about 200,000 light years across and lies about 400 million light years away toward the constellation of Virgo.

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First Published Date: 23 Jan, 13:20 IST