NASA found this 4x MASSIVE Super Earth with the possibility of life

    Another planet with a possibility of life has been detected by NASA behind the Milky Way Galaxy. Know all details here.
    By: HT TECH
    | Updated on: Aug 04 2022, 21:31 IST

    AMAZING image of Earendel star captured by NASA's James Webb Space Telescope

    http://tech.hindustantimes.com/tech/news/nasa-james-webb-space-telescope-captures-the-image-of-the-most-distant-star-in-the-universe-named-earendel-71659511630090.html
    1/5 http://tech.hindustantimes.com/tech/news/nasa-james-webb-space-telescope-captures-the-image-of-the-most-distant-star-in-the-universe-named-earendel-71659511630090.html (NASA)
    The image was tweeted on August 2 by a group of astronomers who post images from the James Webb Space Telescope through the Cosmic Spring JWST Twitter account. The image was captioned, “We're excited to share the first JWST image of Earendel, the most distant star known in our universe, lensed and magnified by a massive galaxy cluster. It was observed Saturday by JWST program 2282”.
    2/5 The image was tweeted on August 2 by a group of astronomers who post images from the James Webb Space Telescope through the Cosmic Spring JWST Twitter account. The image was captioned, “We're excited to share the first JWST image of Earendel, the most distant star known in our universe, lensed and magnified by a massive galaxy cluster. It was observed Saturday by JWST program 2282”. (AP)
    The Earendel star was discovered earlier this year by the old Hubble Space Telescope. Although it managed to capture the star, the image was not as clear as the one taken by James Webb Telescope.
    3/5 The Earendel star was discovered earlier this year by the old Hubble Space Telescope. Although it managed to capture the star, the image was not as clear as the one taken by James Webb Telescope. (NASA)
    In comparison, its successor, James Webb Space Telescope captured the image which showed the faint red glow of the Earendel star and the starry trail on which it lies. The star is seen as a tiny red speck at the lower right side of the image.
    4/5 In comparison, its successor, James Webb Space Telescope captured the image which showed the faint red glow of the Earendel star and the starry trail on which it lies. The star is seen as a tiny red speck at the lower right side of the image. (NASA)
    To capture these distant objects in detail, astronomers use Gravitational lensing. Celestial objects such as stars and galaxies bend light emitting from the objects behind them due to its gravitational fields. When this light from farther stars passes through these massive celestial objects, it acts like it is passing through the lens of a telescope and becomes magnified. This enables astronomers to capture them in extreme detail.
    5/5 To capture these distant objects in detail, astronomers use Gravitational lensing. Celestial objects such as stars and galaxies bend light emitting from the objects behind them due to its gravitational fields. When this light from farther stars passes through these massive celestial objects, it acts like it is passing through the lens of a telescope and becomes magnified. This enables astronomers to capture them in extreme detail. (NASA)
    Ross 508 b, which holds the possibility of life, has four times more mass than Earth.
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    Ross 508 b, which holds the possibility of life, has four times more mass than Earth. (NASA)

    Another world with life! NASA has found a new Earth-like planet which is quite far and on the outskirts of the Milky Way galaxy. This newly found Super Earth named Ross 508 b has raised expectations of the astronomers as it is in the habitable zone of its Red Dwarf star. This Earth-like planet was discovered by the Subaru Strategic Program using the infrared spectrograph on the Subaru Telescope.

    The only concern is that this Earth-like planet, which is a potentially rocky world larger than Earth, is moving in and out of its habitable zone. Still, there it offers hope that it retains water on its surface, which means the possibility of life! According to NASA, Ross 508 b is a super Earth exoplanet that orbits an M-type star, located about 37 light-years away from the Earth. Its mass is 4 Earths, it takes 10.8 days to complete one orbit of its star, and is 0.05366 AU from its star. 

    Also read: India's AstroSat telescope makes awesome discovery in space

    But how do scientists decide about the habitable zone for exo-planets? To detect the habitable conditions, scientists find Goldilocks zones which is basically described as the distance from a star at which liquid water could exist on the surface of the orbiting planets. This indicated the conditions which might be appropriate for life. According to NASA, this Super Earth Ross 508 b moves through this Goldilocks zone.

    “Its orbit takes it in, and out, of its star's habitable zone. Such a planet may be able to retain water on its surface and will be an important target for future observations to study the possibility of life around low-mass stars like the M dwarf it orbits. Red dwarfs, which constitute three-quarters of the stars in our galaxy and exist in large numbers in the vicinity of our solar system, are excellent targets to find exoplanets in our neighborhood,” NASA said in a statement. So far, the only other planet with a habitable planet is Proxima Centauri b.

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    First Published Date: 04 Aug, 21:31 IST
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