Rare conjunction on April 8! Devil Comet to coincide with total solar eclipse, promising a celestial spectacle | Tech News

Rare conjunction on April 8! Devil Comet to coincide with total solar eclipse, promising a celestial spectacle

Get ready for a celestial show! The 'Devil Comet' will dazzle alongside a total solar eclipse on April 8, promising a rare astronomical spectacle that may mesmerize viewers.

| Updated on: Mar 21 2024, 15:16 IST
Solar storm effects: From power grid failures to radio blackouts, know the dangers
total solar eclipse
1/5 Geomagnetic storms - The high-speed solar flares spewed out by a solar storm interact with the Earth's electromagnetic field and spark Geomagnetic storms. According to NASA, a geomagnetic storm is a major disturbance of Earth's magnetosphere which occurs when there is a strong exchange of energy from the solar wind in the space above Earth. (Pixabay)
total solar eclipse
2/5 Power grid failures - NASA says when solar storms hit Earth, they interact with the planet’s magnetosphere and induce currents in electrical systems. This leaves power grids vulnerable to major blackouts. For this to be possible, the solar storms have to be extremely powerful. (Unsplash)
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3/5 Change bird migration patterns - Solar Storms can also cause a change in the migration patterns of birds, whales and even bees. Since birds rely on the magnetic fields of the Earth for navigation, their migration patterns are affected. (Unsplash)
total solar eclipse
4/5 Radio blackouts - One of the major effects of solar storms is Radio blackouts. While the planet's magnetic field acts as a shield and protects it from most of these dangerous solar particles, these do get funnelled towards the poles, where they cause an ionizing effect, effectively absorbing shortwave radio waves and causing a loss of communication. (Unsplash)
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5/5 Auroras - When a Solar Storm hits Earth, it sparks a Geomagnetic storm and the magnetic field lines of the Earth temporarily get disturbed, releasing extremely high magnetic energy. The energy and heat are enough to ionize oxygen present in the upper atmosphere and turn it into blue-green hues of light, which we know as Auroras or Northern lights. (Pexels)
total solar eclipse
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Get ready for a rare cosmic event! The "Devil Comet" and a total solar eclipse align soon. (NASA)

In a cosmic ballet set to mesmerise skygazers, Comet 12P/Pons-Brooks, fondly dubbed the "Devil Comet," is poised for an extraordinary rendezvous with the Great North American Total Solar Eclipse on April 8. While enthusiasts anticipate the prospect of witnessing this extraordinary alignment, uncertainty shrouds whether the comet will unveil itself to the naked eye amidst the daytime eclipse.

The Journey of the "Devil Comet”

Dubbed a "dirty snowball" by the late Harvard astronomer Fred Whipple, Comet 12P/Pons-Brooks is currently journeying through our celestial neighbourhood, reaching perihelion- its closest proximity to the Sun- on April 21, likely marking its peak brightness, before making its closest approach to Earth on June 2. Illuminated by the Sun's warmth, Pons-Brooks is progressively evolving into a captivating spectacle, offering a visual feast for stargazers and astrophotographers alike, according to NASA.

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Comet Pons-Brooks Capricious Nature

Experiencing several outbursts since its first notable tantrum on July 20, 2023, Comet Pons-Brooks has garnered attention, including a recent outburst on March 1, shaping its distinct horn-like appearance and earning it the moniker "Devil Comet." As postdoctoral fellow Ariel Graykowski from the SETI Institute notes, these peculiar shapes are likely a result of the nucleus casting shadows on the comet's fuzzy coma.

Tips for Observers

Excitement mounts as Pons-Brooks gears up for heightened activity in the weeks ahead, potentially reaching a maximum brightness magnitude of around 4.0, though spotting it with the naked eye may require optimal viewing conditions and sky awareness. Observers in the Northern Hemisphere can currently glimpse Pons-Brooks within the Pisces constellation during early evening hours, with its visibility expected to persist until early May, especially around perihelion.

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A Dual Celestial Show

According to NASA, the total solar eclipse on April 8 offers a tantalizing opportunity to witness a dual celestial spectacle. While capturing Pons-Brooks alongside the eclipsed Sun poses a challenge, astrophotographers may seize the chance if equipped with the necessary skills and amidst sufficiently darkened skies. As Graykowski advises, while viewing the eclipse, binoculars or telescopes may be necessary to spot the comet, though its visibility during totality remains uncertain, contingent upon exceptionally dark conditions.

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First Published Date: 21 Mar, 15:16 IST