5 things about AI you may have missed today: AI deepfakes, Google to invest $2 Bn in Anthropic, more
AI Roundup: The possibilities of AI deepfakes are creating confusion for people amid the Hamas-Israel conflict. Google has committed to invest $2 billion in the AI company Anthropic.
We have entered the weekend, and yet, artificial intelligence developments are happening at full throttle. In the first incident, a new report has found that due to the possibility of AI-based deepfakes, people online are questioning even genuine videos and photos that are coming from the ground zero in Gaza. In other news, Google has committed to invest $2 billion in the AI company Anthropic, solidifying its relationship with the startup. The move is seen as similar to Microsoft investing in OpenAI. This and more in today's AI roundup. Let us take a closer look.
AI muddies Hamas-Israel conflict
AI is making it harder for people to trust the images and videos they see online, reports The New York Times. A disturbing image of a charred body initially believed to be a deceased child, circulated on the internet. However, some internet users dismissed it, calling it an AI deepfake. Surprisingly, multiple AI experts found that it was indeed a genuine image. It appears people are not able to trust the content they see online, as a possibility exists that the media might be doctored. This is majorly affecting conveying the ground reports from Gaza.
“Even by the fog of war standards that we are used to, this conflict is particularly messy. The specter of deepfakes is much, much more significant now — it doesn't take tens of thousands, it just takes a few, and then you poison the well and everything becomes suspect,” Hany Farid, a computer science professor at the University of California at Berkeley and an expert in digital forensics, AI and misinformation told NYT.
Google to invest $2 billion in Anthropic
Google is set to invest up to $2 billion in Anthropic, an AI startup founded by former OpenAI executives, as per a report by CNBC. This commitment involves an initial $500 million cash injection and an additional $1.5 billion to be invested gradually. Anthropic, known for its chatbot Claude 2, a rival to OpenAI's ChatGPT, has gained popularity among companies like Slack, Notion, and Quora. Claude 2 can summarize extensive text, up to around 75,000 words, while ChatGPT can handle about 3,000 words. Anthropic's valuation was $4.1 billion earlier this year.
US President Joe Biden to sign an AI executive order
US President Joe Biden is set to sign an executive order mandating that AI tools undergo security testing before federal agencies can use them, marking a significant step in regulating this technology, a Bloomberg report said. The order utilizes the government's role as a major tech customer to influence changes in AI products from companies like Microsoft and Amazon.
It also instructs the Department of Labor to establish guidelines for preventing discrimination in AI-driven hiring systems, addressing concerns raised by civil rights groups. While US lawmakers are exploring AI limits, Biden's order establishes initial rules as Congress pursues more comprehensive legislation. The move comes ahead of a summit on AI risks in the UK, providing specific actions for Vice President Kamala Harris to promote on the global stage. This development is in response to the EU and China taking the lead in AI regulation.
Former US Judge urges courts to change rules on AI evidence
According to a report by Bloomberg, former US District Judge Paul Grimm, now director of the Bolch Judicial Institute at Duke University, has proposed a change to federal rules of evidence. He suggested that courts should have the authority to assess whether evidence is generated by artificial intelligence. Grimm noted that materials produced by AI, like deepfakes, have been presented in federal cases, but judges have often refrained from investigating their source due to concerns over trade secrets. He recommended altering the rules to require parties to demonstrate that AI-generated evidence was created by reliable software or a program.
Square launches AI business tools
Square has introduced 10 AI tools to assist small businesses in enhancing efficiency and promoting growth, according to an ASBN report. These tools include Menu Generator and Photo Environments for content creation via image generation, Personalized Email Copy, Team Announcements, Website Copy Generator, and Suggested Replies using LLM algorithms like Chat-GPT to generate text for various purposes.