China offers to collaborate on lunar mission as deadlines loom

China, which aims to become a major space power by 2030, has opened up a key lunar mission to international cooperation as mission deadlines loom for setting up a permanent habitat on the south pole of the moon.

| Updated on: Oct 05 2023, 13:15 IST
Mangalyaan-2 mission: ISRO is gunning for 2nd Mars mission after Chandrayaan-3 mission success
1/5 Way back in 2013, ISRO launched the Mars orbiter mission and in 2014 it successfully entered the orbit of the red planet making it one of the biggest achievements for the Indian space agency. (Pixabay)
2/5 Now after 9 years, ISRO is planning a second Mars orbiter mission informally known as Mangalyaan-2 with greater objectives that will reveal more mysteries about the planet. (NASA)
3/5 According to reports, the spacecraft will be equipped with four payloads which include a Mars Orbit Dust Experiment (MODEX), a Radio Occultation (RO) experiment, an Energetic Ion Spectrometer (EIS) and a Langmuir Probe and an Electric Field Experiment (LPEX). (NASA)
4/5 These four payloads will be studying the atmosphere, environment and the interplanetary dust of Mars. Collecting the data is essential to have a better understanding of its formation and habitability. However, ISRO has yet to share the details about the Mangalyaan-2 mission. (Pixabay)
5/5 The Mangalyaan-2 mission's MODEX payload will study the movement of substances in the high-altitude regions of Mars, the RO instrument will study the atmosphere, the EIS will study solar energy particles and the LPEX instrument will study electron number density, electron temperature, and electric field waves.  (NASA)
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Chinese national flags are seen in front of the financial district Central on the Chinese National Day in Hong Kong, China October 1, 2023. (REUTERS)

China, which aims to become a major space power by 2030, has opened up a key lunar mission to international cooperation as mission deadlines loom for setting up a permanent habitat on the south pole of the moon.

China welcomes countries and international organisations on its uncrewed Chang'e-8 mission and to jointly carry out "mission-level" projects, the China National Space Administration (CNSA) said at the 74th International Astronautical Congress in Baku, Azerbaijan, on Monday.

Mission-level projects mean China and its international partners could launch and operate their spacecraft, conduct spacecraft-to-spacecraft "interactions", and jointly explore the surface of the moon, according to details announced on CNSA's website.

International partners are also welcome to "piggyback" on the Chang'e-8 mission and independently deploy their own modules once the Chinese spacecraft lands, CNSA said.

Interested parties must submit a letter of intent to CNSA by Dec. 31. Final selection of proposals will come in September 2024.

The Chang'e-8 mission will follow the Chang'e-7 in 2026, which also aims to search for lunar resources on the moon's south pole. The two missions will lay the foundations for the construction of the Beijing-led International Lunar Research Station (ILRS) in the 2030s.

China, which deployed an uncrewed probe to the moon on the Chang'e-5 mission in 2020, plans to send an uncrewed Chang'e-6 probe to the far side of the moon in the first half of 2024 to retrieve soil samples.

China aims to land astronauts on the moon by 2030.

China's timeline to build an outpost on the south pole coincides with NASA's more ambitious and advanced Artemis program, which aims to put U.S. astronauts back on the lunar surface in December 2025, barring delays.

On the 2025 Artemis 3 mission, two U.S. astronauts will land on the lunar south pole, a region previously unvisited by any human. The last time a human set foot on the moon was in 1972 under the U.S. Apollo program.

The crewed Artemis 4 and 5 missions are planned for 2027 and 2029, respectively.

NASA is banned by U.S. law from collaborating with China, directly or indirectly.

As of September, 29 countries - including India, which landed a probe near the moon's south pole in August - have signed the Artemis Accords, a pact crafted by NASA and the U.S. State Department aimed at establishing norms of behaviour in space and on the lunar surface.

China and Russia are not signatories of the agreement.

China, for its own lunar station program, has secured participation from only Russia and Venezuela so far.

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First Published Date: 05 Oct, 12:44 IST