Dangerous sunspot AR3089 ready to blow up, threatens to blast Solar storms to Earth

    The dangerous sunspot AR3089 has appeared on the Sun. Terrifyingly, it can send X-class solar flares and severe solar storms shooting towards Earth.
    By: HT TECH
    | Updated on: Sep 20 2022, 12:38 IST
    WARNING! Solar Storm to hit Earth soon
    According to Spaceweather.com’s report, the new sunspot is so huge that it is even changing the way the sun vibrates. The Space Weather Prediction Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicted that the geomagnetic field around Earth would be unsettled over the weekend which could disrupt the radio-magnetic sphere.
    1/5 According to Spaceweather.com’s report, the new sunspot is so huge that it is even changing the way the sun vibrates. The Space Weather Prediction Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicted that the geomagnetic field around Earth would be unsettled over the weekend which could disrupt the radio-magnetic sphere. (nasa.gov)
    Solar flare
    2/5 Spaceweather.com said, “A high speed stream of solar wind is approaching Earth. Estimated time of arrival: Aug. 9th. The gaseous material is flowing from an equatorial hole in the sun's atmosphere. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras.” (SDO/NASA)
    Coronal Mass Ejection or CME
    3/5 Solar storms occur due to a coronal mass ejection (CME) that is set off on the surface of the Sun. As per the K-index, which measures the magnetic field around the Earth, solar storms are divided into 5 classes from G-1 to G-5. The G-1 is the lowest impact solar G5 is given to the most severe solar storms. (Pixabay)
    Solar flare
    4/5 According to NASA, Sunspots are dark areas on the solar surface which contain strong magnetic fields that are constantly shifting and can form and dissipate over periods of days or weeks. They occur when strong magnetic fields emerge through the solar surface and allow the area to cool slightly. (Pixabay)
    Aurora or Northern lights
    5/5 When solar flares hit Earth, they interact with the Earth’s electromagnetic field to cause a Geomagnetic storm. It may cause blackouts, GPS problems. However, if the solar storm is big enough, it can wreak havoc on all the earth's technological infrastructure. It is also the reason behind the stunning night-sky phenomenon that we know as Auroras or Northern Lights. (Pixabay)
    Solar Storms
    View all Images
    As the sunspot AR3089 once again appears in front of the Earth, will it cause a severe solar storm? Find out. (Pixabay)

    The Sun is displaying scarily erratic behavior as we reach near the peak of its solar maximum phase. On September 18, three regions in the southern hemisphere of the Sun simultaneously exploded, releasing high amounts of magnetic charge and solar particles. Luckily that wasn't in the direction of the Earth. But something far scarier has now appeared in front of our planet. A sunspot called AR3089 has come into Earth's view. This sunspot was earlier seen in September and it was noted that it carried an X-class solar flare capable magnetic field. It was spotted using the tech marvel DSCOVR satellite which is operated by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). It has various instruments to observe temperature, speed, density, degree of orientation and frequency of solar particles ejecting from the Sun and calculates their intensity.

    The development was reported by SpaceWeather.com which noted, “Active sunspot AR3089 is emerging over the sun's southeastern limb following a 2-week trip around the farside of the sun. The last time we saw it in early September, AR3089 had a delta-class magnetic field that harbored energy for X-flares”. The real threat is if this sunspot does explode and sends powerful coronal mass ejections (CME) towards the Earth, we might get greeted with a destructive solar storm.

    Sunspot AR3089 threatens the Earth with destructive solar storm

    While at this point it is difficult to predict how strong the potential solar storm on Earth can be, an X-class solar flare is capable of causing a mid to severe solar storm. A G5-class solar storm is also not out of the question. Such a solar storm can burn and destroy satellites in Earth's lower orbital space and massively disrupt and breakdown wireless communications like shortwave radio transmissions, GPS, mobile network and even internet access. In the worst case scenario, power grids can also be damaged due to such a solar storm.

    The NOAA DSCOVR satellite has been monitoring the situation and since CME storm travels slower, we will get to know about it 24-48 hours before it happens which might give us some time to protect our assets.

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    First Published Date: 20 Sep, 12:24 IST
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