James Webb Telescope, Chandra Observatory snap astonishing Tarantula Nebula image | Tech News

James Webb Telescope, Chandra Observatory snap astonishing Tarantula Nebula image

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has teamed up with the Chandra X-ray Observatory to show an astonishing view of the Tarantula Nebula.

| Updated on: Jan 20 2023, 09:34 IST
STUNNING image of Tarantula Nebula captured by THIS reveolutionary telescope
Tarantula Nebula
1/5 The stunning image was captured by scientists using the data collected via the revolutionary Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope located in the Antofagasta Region of the Atacama Desert in Chile. (REUTERS)
Tarantula Nebula
2/5 The Tarantula Nebula is present at the center of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way system and has given birth to more than 800,000 stars, some of them nearly 150 times the size of the Sun. This makes the Tarantula Nebula one of the prime observation destinations for researchers and science buffs alike. (NASA)
Tarantula Nebula
3/5 "What makes 30 Doradus unique is that it is close enough for us to study in detail how stars are forming, and yet its properties are similar to those found in very distant galaxies when the Universe was young,” said European Space Agency (ESA) scientist Guido De Marchi. "Thanks to 30 Doradus, we can study how stars used to form 10 billion years ago, when most stars were born." He added further. (NASA/Hubble)
Tarantula Nebula
4/5 The 30 Doradus is also called the Tarantula Nebula because of its glowing filaments which resemble spider legs, according to NASA. The Nebula is special as it can be seen in the Southern sky with the naked eye. It resembles a large milky patch of stars when viewed from Earth. (NASA/ESA)
Tarantula Nebula
5/5 The findings of the observation state that gravity is still responsible for the formation of the milky way galaxy and it is still shaping up the galaxy, which has aided in the continuous formation of stars. Tony Wong, a professor from the Astronomy Department at the University of Illinois said, "Our results imply that even in the presence of very strong feedback, gravity can exert a strong influence and lead to a continuation of star formation.” (NASA)
Tarantula Nebula
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Tarantula Nebula is only 161,000 light-years away in the Large Magellanic Cloud galaxy. (NASA)

Last year, NASA's James Webb Space Telescope snapped the Tarantula Nebula, also called 30 Doradus, located in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a small neighbouring galaxy to the Milky Way Galaxy. It has long been studied by astronomers to better understand how stars like the Sun are born and evolve. Now, NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and James Webb Telescope have teamed up to reveal an astonishing view of the Tarantula Nebula. The new composite image combines X-ray data from the Chandra X-ray Observatory and infrared images from the James Webb Space Telescope to show a stellar view of the Nebula.

"The X-rays (royal blue and purple) reveal gas that has been heated to millions of degrees by shock waves — similar to sonic booms from airplanes — generated by the winds from massive stars," NASA said in a press release. Moreover, the data from the Chandra X-ray observatory also observes the remains of supernova explosions, which will ultimately send important elements such as oxygen and carbon into space where they will become part of the next generation of stars.

The infrared data from the Webb Telescope, which is highlighted in red, orange, green, and light blue colours, show the dazzling canvases of cooler gases in the Nebula, which provide the raw ingredients for future stars. It also shows “protostars” which are stars in their infancy.

More about Tarantula Nebula

NASA says that the chemical composition of 30 Doradus or Tarantula Nebula is different from usual nebulas in the Milky Way. “It represents the conditions in our galaxy that existed several billion years ago when stars were forming at a much faster pace than astronomers see today,” NASA says. The Tarantula is the closest example of what was happening in the universe as it reached its brilliant high noon. At only 161,000 light-years away in the Large Magellanic Cloud, the Tarantula Nebula is the largest and brightest star-forming region in the Local Group.

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First Published Date: 20 Jan, 09:27 IST