Juno Mission to make a close approach to Jupiter’s moon | Tech News

Juno Mission to make a close approach to Jupiter’s moon

The Juno probe is heading towards Europa, one of Jupiter’s moons, which reportedly has more water than Earth. Here's what scientists say.

| Updated on: Sep 14 2022, 21:22 IST
NASA: Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter makes astonishing discovery
1/6 The lunar pits found by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter have mild temperatures, drastically different from the extreme conditions on the surface of the Moon. The temperatures in these caves are nearly 17 degree Celsius almost at all times. (NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University)
2/6 NASA Moon recently tweeted, "Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter images of pits indicate that the Moon has caves. Could they become astronaut habitats? Scientists have discovered that parts of the pits are always about 63°F (17°C), differing from extreme temperatures at the Moon's surface". (NASA)
3/6 The surface temperatures on the Moon can go from an extremely high 127 degrees Celsius and as low as -173 degrees Celsius. "The pits, and caves to which they may lead, would make thermally stable sites for lunar exploration compared to areas at the Moon's surface, which heat up to 260 F (about 127 C) during the day and cool to minus 280 F (about minus 173 C) at night,” NASA Moon tweeted further. (NASA)
4/6 First discovered in 2009, these lunar pits could potentially be used as location for a first Moon Base. Not only are the temperatures moderate, but these pits could also provide protection against cosmic rays, solar radiation and micrometeorites, according to NASA. (AP)
5/6 LRO Project Scientist Noah Petro of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center said, “Lunar pits are a fascinating feature on the lunar surface. Knowing that they create a stable thermal environment helps us paint a picture of these unique lunar features and the prospect of one day exploring them.” (NASA)
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6/6 The particular pit used to analyze the thermal properties by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter was in an area of the Moon known as the Mare Tranquillitatis. It is 100-meters deep and as wide as a football field. According to scientists, the overhang of the pit is responsible for creating shadows on the Moon and maintaining a temperature of nearly 17 degrees Celsius at all times. (NASA)
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The Juno probe will make a close approach to one of Jupiter's moons called Europa at the end of this month. (NASA)

ater is the life-force behind every living being on the planet. Without water, there is no life. But what happens one day when this limited resource runs out? Do we simply perish or do we find another planet which has this very important resource? All these questions seem just theoretical now but someday a situation might occur when there's no water on Earth. We're in luck as NASA's Juno probe is all set to conduct a close flyby of one of Jupiter's moons which has more water than Earth, according to scientists.

The Juno Probe will reportedly make a very close approach with Europa, which is one of Jupiter's moons on September 29. This has got the scientific community excited as the Juno probe will send data and images back to Earth following its close encounter. Scientists say that the probe will get as close as 350 kilometers from the moon's icy surface. NASA is also planning a lunar mission to Jupiter called Europa Clipper Mission during which scientists will investigate Europa for potential habitable conditions. The mission is expected to launch in 2024.

What is NASA's Juno Mission?

NASA's Juno Mission is a long-term mission to understand the weather and the dynamics of the largest planet in our solar system, Jupiter, which will allow further understanding of the behaviour of different exoplanets in different solar systems. The Juno probe entered Jupiter's atmosphere in 2016 and has been orbiting the planet ever since, making exciting discoveries about the planet.

Back in July, the Juno probe flew by Jupiter for the 43th time and captured stunning images of the planet and gigantic storms near its North pole. These images were sent to Earth where scientists recreated the images based on the JunoCam instrument.

NASA has warned that the Juno spacecraft is in good condition at present, despite its extended mission, but will have a limited lifespan due to having absorbed heavy amounts of radiation from Jupiter.

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First Published Date: 14 Sep, 21:22 IST