Terrifying solar storm coming to Earth! Sunspot set to spark X-class solar flare explosion today

The Earth could be on the brink of suffering a a blow from a massive solar storm that is in-the-works as multiple sunspots are ready to blast an X-class solar flare today, January 12.

By: HT TECH
| Updated on: Jan 12 2023, 12:57 IST
Think you know our Sun? Check out THESE 5 stunning facts
Sun
1/5 The Sun is the largest object in our solar system and is a 4.5 billion-year-old star – a hot glowing ball of hydrogen and helium at the center of the solar system. It is about 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from Earth, and without its energy, life as we know it could not exist here on our home planet. (Pixabay)
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2/5 The Sun’s volume would need 1.3 million Earths to fill it. Its gravity holds the solar system together, keeping everything from the biggest planets to the smallest bits of debris in orbit around it. The hottest part of the Sun is its core, where temperatures top 27 million degrees Fahrenheit (15 million degrees Celsius). The Sun’s activity, from its powerful eruptions to the steady stream of charged particles it sends out, influences the nature of space throughout the solar system. (NASA)
Sun
3/5 According to NASA, measuring a “day” on the Sun is complicated because of the way it rotates. It doesn't spin as a single, solid ball. This is because the Sun’s surface isn't solid like Earth's. Instead, the Sun is made of super-hot, electrically charged gas called plasma. This plasma rotates at different speeds on different parts of the Sun. At its equator, the Sun completes one rotation in 25 Earth days. At its poles, the Sun rotates once on its axis every 36 Earth days. (NASA)
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4/5 Above the Sun’s surface are its thin chromosphere and the huge corona (crown). This is where we see features such as solar prominences, flares, and coronal mass ejections. The latter two are giant explosions of energy and particles that can reach Earth. (Pixabay)
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5/5 The Sun doesn’t have moons, but eight planets orbit it, at least five dwarf planets, tens of thousands of asteroids, and perhaps three trillion comets and icy bodies. Also, several spacecraft are currently investigating the Sun including Parker Solar Probe, STEREO, Solar Orbiter, SOHO, Solar Dynamics Observatory, Hinode, IRIS, and Wind. (Pixabay)
Solar storm
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Know all about the terrifying solar storm that can hit the Earth soon. (nasa.gov)

Last week was terrifying for the Earth. First a solar storm struck the Earth and caused GPS disruption across the affected regions and then two X-class solar flare eruptions caused shortwave radio blackouts in Australia, New Zealand and South America. But it seems that the troubled times are not yet over for our planet. Reports suggest that multiple unstable sunspots have emerged on the Earth-facing side of the Sun which can blast another X-class solar flare towards the Earth today, January 12. In fact, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration predictions suggest that there is a 70% chance of a solar flare eruption. Read on to know more.

The report comes from SpaceWeather.com which mentions on its website, “It seems like every spot on the sun wants to flare. In the past week alone, three different sunspots have produced X-flares, and even more are crackling with M-class flares. With unstable sunspots scattered across the face of the sun, the chance of a geoeffective flare today is greater than 70%”.

Solar flare scare for Earth, yet again

The Earth now anticipates a fourth solar flare eruption from the Sun in under 10 days (a total of three have already gone off, two of which were Earth-directed). The current trend has also shown that the solar flare eruptions are getting progressively stronger. This means soon, we may be faced with a Carrington event level threat. For the unaware, Carrington event took place in 1859 during solar cycle 10 when such a powerful solar storm struck the Earth that caused telegraph systems to malfunction and shock the operators. Even power grids were damaged.

With modern technology and a high reliance on Earth-orbiting satellites, a similar solar storm can be devastating. From GPS destruction, power grid failure, mobile network and internet disruption and even malfunctioning crucial electronic devices such as pacemakers can really bring our planet to a standstill.

How NOAA tracks the Sun

While many space agencies from NASA with its Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) keep track of Sun-based weather phenomena, one that particularly stands out is the DSCOVR satellite by NOAA. The satellite became operational in 2016 and tracks different measurements of the Sun and its atmosphere including temperature, speed, density, degree of orientation and frequency of the solar particles. The recovered data is then run through the Space Weather Prediction Center and the final analysis is prepared.

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First Published Date: 12 Jan, 12:56 IST
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